The current pool of licensure candidates is more diverse than ever before. In 2015, 42 percent of new Record holders were women, and 44 percent identified as a racial or ethnic minority. However, gender, racial, and ethnic diversity is significantly less among experienced professionals. Women represent 18 percent of existing NCARB Certificate holders, while racial or ethnic minorities account for only 9 percent.
Gender, racial, and ethnic diversity among practitioners should improve as an increasingly diverse group of candidates approach licensure.
More Women on the Path to Licensure
In 2015, 42 percent of new NCARB Record holders were women, compared to 18 percent of NCARB Certificate holders. While women remain underrepresented among practitioners, they now represent at least a third of licensure candidates at each stage along the path to licensure. If this upward trend continues, gender equity among future generations of architects should also improve.
IDP Completions by Women Remain Steady
For the past two years, the proportion of IDP completions by women remained stable at 38 percent. The largest proportion on record was in 2012 when women accounted for 39 percent of completions.
ARE Completions by Women Reach Record High
In 2015, women represented 37 percent of ARE completions, the highest proportion on record. Over the past 10 years, ARE completions by women increased 11 percentage points, almost double the rate of change for IDP completions. Since completing the ARE is often the final step to licensure, this trend suggests gender equity will improve among future generations of architects.
Women Earn Initial License Sooner
On average, women earn an initial license one year sooner than their male peers. While the time to licensure has been declining for both genders, women have consistently completed the path in less time. The largest disparity was in 2006 when women earned a license three years sooner than men.
Racial Diversity Greatest Among New Record Holders
In 2015, 36 percent of new NCARB Record holders identified as non-white, whereas only 9 percent of existing NCARB Certificate holders identified as non-white. For comparison, 23 percent of the U.S. population is non-white, according to 2014 data from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Racial and Ethnic Diversity Greatest Among New Record Holders
When Hispanic or Latino origin is considered, ethnic diversity is still greatest for new Record holders at 44 percent and lowest among existing NCARB Certificate holders at 9 percent. For comparison, 38 percent of the U.S. population identifies as either non-white or Hispanic, according to 2014 data from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Note: NCARB uses the same categories as the U.S. Census Bureau.
NCARB Customers Based Overseas
Licensure candidates and NCARB Certificate holders are based around the world. Outside the United States, the majority of Record holders were based in Canada (669), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (108), the Republic of Korea (102), and China (86). NCARB currently offers the ARE at Prometric test centers in Canada, London, Hong Kong, and Abu Dhabi.