While racial and ethnic diversity continued to improve in 2017, gender equity remained relatively stable. Women accounted for 35 percent of candidates completing the core requirements for licensure in 2017, and 42 percent of new ARE candidates. Racial and ethnic diversity increased across most early career stages, including a 5 percentage point jump in candidates who identify as non-white completing the AXP. In addition, 16 percent of candidates completing the core requirements for licensure and 33 percent of new exam candidates identified as non-white.
Although several groups remain underrepresented within the profession, trends continue to point to growing diversity among licensure candidates, and eventually, future architects.
Gender Equity Holds Steady
Gender equity remained largely unchanged over the course of 2017, with minimal increases and decreases at various career stages. In 2017, women accounted for 46 percent of new AXP participants, 42 percent of new ARE candidates, and 35 percent of candidates who’ve completed the major requirements for licensure. By comparison, women made up 47, 42, and 36 percent, respectively, of these groups in 2016.
And while the percentage of new Certificate holders who are women dipped to 32 percent in 2017, the percentage of all Certificate holders who are women rose to 20 percent. This is the third year of successive increase—signaling that while women remain underrepresented in the industry, gender equity is gradually improving.
AXP Completions by Women Continue to Rise
In 2017, women represented 41 percent of AXP completions, the highest proportion on record. Gender equity in AXP completions has been improving for the past four years, potentially impacted by several program changes designed to remove unnecessary hurdles—the first of which (allowing candidates to report experience older than six months for 50 percent credit) was introduced in July 2014. Other changes include a reduction in the AXP’s required hours (2015) and the re-alignment of experience areas (2016).
ARE Completions by Women Fall Slightly
Women accounted for 37 percent of ARE completions in 2017, the second highest on record and the same proportion seen in 2015. While this represents a slight dip from 2016, gender equity has been steadily improving over the last decade. The proportion of women completing the exam in 2017 was 7 percentage points higher than a decade ago.
Women Complete Licensure Requirements Sooner
On average, women in 2017 completed the core requirements for licensure over one year sooner than their male peers. While the time to complete these requirements increased slightly for both genders, women continue to complete the path in less time.
Racial and Ethnic Diversity Continues to Improve in Early Career Stages
In 2017, racial and ethnic diversity continued to improve along early career stages. Forty-five percent of new AXP participants and 33 percent of new exam candidates identified as non-white, a three percent increase for both groups. Individuals completing the AXP saw an even larger jump: 30 percent identified as non-white, a five percent increase from 2016. While individuals completing the core requirements for licensure saw an increase of 1 percent in 2017, this slight bump signals that the diversity in the pool of licensure candidates may be slowly moving along the pipeline.
For comparison, 34 percent of the U.S. population identifies as either non-white or Hispanic, according to 2015 statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Note: NCARB uses the same categories for race and ethnicity as the U.S. Census Bureau.
Gender Equity and Diversity Minimal Among Supervisors
Of active AXP supervisors in 2017, only 17 percent were women—less than the proportion of women seen at any career stage from beginning an NCARB Record to earning an NCARB Certificate. Similarly, just 12 percent of AXP supervisors identified as either non-white or Hispanic.
This highlights the ongoing challenge for the profession of providing a diverse set of supervisors and mentors to act as role models for the next generation.